The Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) contribute significantly to value addition, employment generation, exports and overall growth and development of the country’s economy. In Odisha itself MSME units are generating maximum employment next to agriculture. The MSME sector is responsible for about 40 per cent of the exports and 45 per cent of the total manufacturing output in the country. Realizing the significance a separate Department of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises has been created with an objective to facilitate, promote and enhance competitiveness of MSMEs in the state. It is a State Government initiative to rejuvenate, give topmost priority and thrust for facilitating and co-coordinating the growth and development of the MSME sector.
The DTET, Odisha, Cuttack under the administrative control of SD&TE Department, Government of Odisha of the State Looks after education at Technical Institutes/Colleges, Degree, Diploma and ITI level. It also provides Vocational Education in order to prepare the Youth for self-employment. The Department also promotes professional courses in Government and Private Sector.
The apprenticeship Training means to impart training on shop-floor thereby apprentices acquires all employable skills needed for industries. Apprentices are exposed to industrial environments & live problems which are not possible in institutional training. As a result apprentices are fully equipped with higher level of skills. The main objectives of apprentices training:
- To upgrade the knowledge & technical skills of semiskilled youth and
- To impart knowledge & technical skills to school leaving youth.
The Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGE&T) in Ministry of Labour is the apex organisation for development and The Scheme is funded by the Central Government and provided by Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGE&T), Ministry of Labour and Employment.
The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body established by an Act of Parliament (No. 61 of 1956, as amended by act no. 12 of 1987 and Act No.10 of 2006. In April 1957, it took over the work of former All India Board. Khadi and Village Industries.
Water resources development in the state was taken up in the late 19 th century to curb the destructive effects of water, particularly the devastating floods of river Mahanadi. Though some noticeable works were done during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, concerted efforts were not attempted to remove regional disparity. Large parts of the state continued to remain in the grip of flood and famine in the pre-independence period. After independence, water resources development was given top priority in national agenda. Water being a State subject, State Governments was encouraged to invest heavily in hydraulic infrastructure in order to promote growth, mitigate risk and alleviate poverty.